Bromeliad and tree symbiotic relationship

Identifying Symbiosis

bromeliad and tree symbiotic relationship

Mushrooms and Trees' Symbiotic Relationship

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Epiphytes widely misperceived as parasites may actually protect host trees. The ctenid-spider — a bromeliad-specialist. Photo by Edd Hammill. Imagine a plant. In fact, an estimated one-tenth of all plant species have liberated themselves from soil and evolved into epiphytes —plants that grow on other plants. Although growing on others can seem parasitic, botanists have traditionally acquitted epiphytes of stealing from their hosts—except for the parasitic mistletoe—regarding them more as hitchhikers riding their host plants into the canopy for more sunlight.

Tropical Rainforest By: A. Symbiotic Relationships. Symbiosis- the interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association, typically to the advantage of both.
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Copyright , National Gardening Association. All Rights Reserved. An example of a beneficial, plant-plant relationship familiar to many gardeners is the "Three Sisters Garden. The corn plants grew straight and tall, giving the pole beans something to climb on. The beans, since they are legumes, contributed nitrogen to the soil.

Plant-plant relationships


Symbiotic Relationship of the Orchid & Tree

A symbiotic relationship exists between the tree and the epiphytic orchid in nature which means that there are only benefits to the relationship and there is no harm involved. The orchid is unable to survive without the aid of the tree which contributes to the plant's very existence by offering it a home and safety. Over 20, species of orchids survive in the wild by growing on tree tops according to the University of Waterloo. The plants cling to the tree in an attempt to survive without harming their host tree in any way. By growing in the tree tops, tree branches and trunks of a tree in a tropical environment the orchid is more able to utilize the sunlight. The tree lifts the relatively small plant up off the ground and into the air so it can reach the sunlight. This helps the orchid survive in the dense canopy conditions of the tropical forest.

Commensalism is a type of symbiosis , specifically, a biological relationship in which one species benefits from an interaction, while the host species is neither positively or negatively affected to any tangible degree. For example, epiphytic plants which grow on other plants but are not parasitic gain an enormous ecological benefit from living on larger plants, because they gain access to a substrate upon which to grow relatively high in the canopy. The host trees, however, are not affected in any significant way by this relationship, even in cases when they are supporting what appears to be a large population of epiphytes. Some plants are specialized as epiphytes, for example, many species of airplants or bromeliads family Bromeliaceae , orchids Orchidaceae , and ferns Pterophyta. Many lichens , mosses, and liverworts are also epiphytes on trees.




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